Ontology of social work
Huge territory is belong to discourse area and the realm of wisdom of realism include two sides of external-factual (empirical) and internal-downside (nonexperimental) that first side is observable but the second side that comes out from first side and, and due not being able to find the causes of the events in the second side, so second side turns to the explanations of the first aspect, and it can be achieved through the effect that it leaves on the external side and it is not observable. Eternal side-factual has relationship to experience and observation like that social the social worker goes to a house and after observing home situation and asking about their jobs and work, take care of them and internal side is like that helpless client refers to the social worker and the social worker can not empower him by observation and directly asking questions, rather by accessing the underlying layers, through accessing his files and psychoanalyzing the clients, he can find out the roots of his problems.
To explain the concept of “discours” we use Foucault who says »in knowledge paleontology conversation refers to the general domain of all propositions, something as an individualized group of propositions and something as a routine orderly and lawful that explains a number of propositions« Social work fields are not empty of these two sides it mean real wisdom and huge realism.
Social worker is facing some subjects that they are in material, psychological, discursive relationship, to find out their problems, he refers to the same two areas of reality, wisdom and huge.
Due to its function and pragmatically social work deal with two subjects from the beginning: a problematic subject that social worker faces and tries to change that subject areas from the situation. The subject has mutual relationship with social work, and therefor, client in social work, in addition to objective side, also have a subjective side, although degrees can be given for the degree of subjectivity of people, that’s why every human being has minimal subjectivity.
These subjects create situation and social norms and finally create some discourses and give them objective state and consider written and unwritten rules for other subjects and even the subjective becomes an object within because these are the structures and institutions that have already made decisions for him and people in that social system have relationship and live and even think and it is possible to destroy the independent thinking and independent action of these former subjects.
The social worker at the individual level and psychological function in interpersonal relationships can no longer depend on to the structures because he has put himself and his clients in the former situation and according to that system that defined for him before, he provides social assistance to the clients, but synoptic social work, sees the issue in its complexity, not simplifying and giving into the situation. A synoptic social worker knows that ignoring the structure in which clients are located is accepting the system, and with this work it helps to reproduce and maintain that system. He sees the client and look at the roots of his problem. The roots of his problem maybe general/ structural relationship that appear in a particular discourse, such as capitalist relations or individual relations.
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- Mojtaba eslami: MA social reserch science kharazmi university.
- Translator: Faezeh Razavi