What is Psychodrama?
Dr.Paria Mozhgani-Psychologist | Member of the Iranian Association of Drama therapy
Author at Iranian Home of Resiliency
“Psychodrama” is one of the branches of art therapy; such as music therapy, painting therapy, etc. In this method, “display” is used to shape a specific perception or feeling into act, and the result is a more complete understanding of the inner world of human. In fact, psychodrama is a show that illuminates emotional conflicts and solves problems. This approach focuses on the deep parts of individual emotions and goes on in the past, present and future. Psychodrama is used for the growth of human abilities and has many roots in common with group psychotherapy.
Among the various definitions given by the psychodrama, one can refer to this simple definition: Psychodrama, as its name implies, is the point of psycho and drama, where art is used to treat psychological distress. So the point of connection between psychodrama and theater is the concept of drama, and the difference between them is summarized in the concept of “improvisation” as, in psychodrama, there is no preset text, and everything happens in “here and now”. In fact, it helps the person to “play” creatively, instead of merely “talking” about it (something that happens in classical psychology).
Some areas of the use of psychodrama include: the sphere of children and adolescents, different levels of education, work placement, industry, couple therapy, treatment of mental disorders, drug addicts, hospitals, etc.
Psychodrama is a highly “social” approach and focuses on the dynamic relationship between man and the society. Psychodrama is “human beings” helping people recognize and open their psychic nodes by creating “imaginative” situations. In psychodrama, people are helped to recognize and review their “issue”, get out of sleep mode, come into action and reach “emotional refinement”.
In view of the importance of psychodrama and its role in improving the mental health of the community, in particular the help-seekers and clients of social work community clinics, as well as the importance of psychodrama in resilience development, a series of notes will be prepared and published through the current media.