Motor development and its fundamental role in social development

Motor development and its fundamental role in social development
Maryam nezakat Alhosseini, Ph. D
Associate professor of motor behavior, Sports Sciences Faculty, University of Isfahan

Motor development specialists have found that motor development is affected by the environmental conditions that one experiences, and there is a close relationship between the child’s motor experiences and development in other areas including social development. Learning occurs through dynamic interactions and exchanges between the physical environment and the social world. In recent years, much attention has been paid to the role a healthy and well-functioning motor system plays in children’s learning. There is evidence that motor development is essential for the child’s understanding of physical and social worlds. Socialization occurs through learning through social interactions. Social learning is one of the most effective environmental factors in development. The child learns certain behaviors by observing others. The impact of the people around us is crucial in determining how and when to acquire certain motor skills. There is a positive relationship between the amount of social support provided by important people in our lives and our participation in physical activity. On the other hand, the motor activities we choose affect our ability to achieve social competence. Our choices affect our identity, social mobility, academic achievement, attitudes toward being male or female, and even our moral development.  Therefore, the process of socialization is related to physical and sports activities. There are three main factors in the process of socialization that help people learn about their social role. These include:1- Important people (individuals and social institutions)2- Social situations (school, home, games)3- Personal limitations (personality traits)Further explanation of these factors is provided in the next study note.This post is the second in a series of notes we follow on the relationship between motor development and competence and social competence of children and adolescents.


Haywood, Getchel (2019). Life Span Motor Development. Human Kinetics, Inc.; Seventh edition (May 17, 2019)
Gallahue, Ozman (2006). Understanding Motor Development: Infants, Children, Adolescents, Adults. McGraw-Hill.
Payne, Issacs (2017). Human Motor Development: A Lifespan Approach. Taylor & Francis
Libertuse, Hauf (2017). Editotial: Motor skills and their foundation role for perceptual, social, and cognitive development. Frontiers in Psychology. Volume 8.


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